DAILY BUZZ (Episode 4)



The journey is not always smooth, nor is it always successful as expected. Life is going to shovel dirt on you, all kinds of dirt. This does not mean we stop moving forward, but looking for the best solution in our power. We can get out of the deepest wells by not stopping. Continuing to innovate creatively is the best choice in a state of failure and does not stop when successful.



Africa is our center of gravity, our cultural and spiritual mother and father, our beating heart, no matter where we live on the face of this earth.
John Clarke

I am not African because I was born in Africa but because Africa was born in me.
Kwame Nkrumah



Knowledge is like a garden: if it is not cultivated, it cannot be harvested.

Meaning: If you don’t make efforts to acquire knowledge then you would not expect to have it and if you do not put the knowledge you have to use, you cannot expect to gain anything from it.


In the earliest days of the automobile in the world, navigating the roads of America was a very chaotic experience, with pedestrians, bicycles, horses and streetcars which were all competing with motor vehicles for right of way as early as 1868.

Garrett A. Morgan (1877-1963)


In 1912, Garrett Morgan invented the automatic traffic signal, the precursor to the present-day traffic light. Garrett Augustus Morgan, Sr. was born on March 4, 1877 in Claysville, Harrison County, Kentucky, and died on July 27, 1963 in Cleveland. An African-American inventor and a businessman born to Sydney Morgan, a son and freed slave of Confederate Gen John H. Morgan of Morgan’s Raiders, and his mother, Elizabeth Reed, also a freed slave.

If you can be the best, then why not try to be the best? Garrett Morgan.

Artistic impression of the Yoruba deity, Olorun


In the mythology of Yoruba people of Nigeria, West Africa, Olorun is regarded as the most wisest and powerful deity. Olorun [as Ọlọrun in the Yoruba alphabets] is the ruler of the Heavens. As the all-knowing god, he performs his roles both on earth and in heaven. As the head of the Yoruba pantheon, Olorun, is also known as Olofin-Orun (Lord of Heaven), Oba-Orun (King of the Sky), and Olodumare (Almighty). According Yoruba myths, Olorun was one of the two creator gods, the other was the goddess Olokun. Initially, Olorun ruled the sky, while Olokun ruled the vast marshy waters below because the universe was made up of the sky and amorphous chaos of marshy water.

An illustration of Yoruba creation story

A lesser god named Obatala had ideas about creation so he went to Olorun and suggested the creation of solid land, with fields and forests, hills and valleys, and various living things into existence. Olorun agreed that this would be good and gave Obatala permission to create land. Obatala went to Orunmila, the eldest son of Olorun, and asked how he should proceed. Orunmila told Obatala to gather gold to make a chain that could be lowered from the sky to the waters below. Then Orunmila gave Obatala a snail’s shell filled with sand, a white hen, a black cat, and a palm nut. Obatala lowered himself on the chain and poured the sand on the waters.

Olorun made these figures into humans by breathing life into them

He then released the hen, which scratched at the sand and scattered it in all directions. Anyplace the sand fell became dry land. Stepping onto the land, Obatala built a house, grew palm trees from the palm nut, and lived with the black cat as his companion. Obatala later became lonely and built clay figures. Olorun made these figures into humans by breathing life into them. Many gods descended from the sky to live on earth, and Olorun told them to listen to the prayers of humans and protect them.

Zeus, god of thunder


Zeus is said to be the youngest child of Cronus and Rhea. His five older siblings (Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades, and Poseidon) were swallowed by their father as soon as they were born, as Cronus was aware that one of his children was destined to overthrow him, and to take his place as the king of the gods. Zeus, however, escaped the fate of his siblings through deception. Instead of handing the infant over to her husband, Rhea decided to give Cronus a stone wrapped in cloth, and hid her son in a cave, on the island of Crete. Zeus was raised in secret by a foster-mother. Zeus grew up without the knowledge of his father, and returned to challenge Cronus. He forced Cronus to regurgitate the stone and his siblings, fought and defeated his father, and he became the new king of the gods.

After the battle, Zeus divided the world between himself and his older brothers, Hades and Poseidon, by drawing lots. He became the ruler of the sky, whilst Hades and Poseidon became the rulers of the underworld and the seas respectively. He had children with numerous goddesses and mortal women. Zeus is also regarded as the father of Artemis and Apollo (whose mother, Leto, was Zeus’ cousin). Zeus had many affairs with mortal women as well, thus producing a myriad of demi-gods – the most famous of whom include Heracles and Perseus, Minos (the first king of Crete), and Helen of Troy, the most beautiful woman in the world according to Greek mythology.


Olduvai Gorge:
The Olduvai gorge is located in the heart of eastern Africa, dubbed as the cradle of Humankind. It shows that early human used a wide diversity of habitats amidst environmental changes across a 200,000 year-long period. The uncovered evidence shows periodic but recurrent land use across a subset of environments, punctuated with times when there is an absence of hominin activity. The findings uncovered at Oldupai Gorge and across eastern Africa indicate that early human movements across and out of Africa were possible by 2 million years ago, as hominins possessed the behavioural ability to expand into novel ecosystems.



Herodotus: (c. 484–c. 425 BC)
Herodotus was a Greek historian, popularly known as “The Father of History”, a title given to him by ancient Roman orator, Cicero. He was born in Halicarnassus, Caria (modern-day Bodrum, Turkey) and lived in the fifth century BC. He was the first writer to do systematic investigation of historical events. ‘The Histories’, a record of his inquisitiveness over the origins of the Greco-Persian Wars, which includes geographical and ethnographical information.

In peace, sons bury their fathers. In war, fathers bury their sons. Herodotus


Proverbs 1 vs 5: The wise man also may hear and increase in learning,
and the man of understanding acquire skill.


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