Malcolm Little popularly known across the world as Malcolm X was born in Omaha, Nebraska in the United States of America on May 19, 1925 to Louise Helen Norton Little and Earl Little. He sadly died in New York City, United States of America on February 21, 1965; he was assassinated. He had six children with his wife, Betty Shabazz, known as Betty X. Malcolm was African-American Muslim minister and human rights activist, he was in alacrity. His time as a spokesperson for the powerful Islamic State made him known as the best son of the State till date.
After the death of his father, Earl Little, and the hospitalization of his mother, Louise Little, Malcolm X spent his adolescence in a series of foster families. In 1946, he participated in various illegal activities and was eventually sentenced to 10 years in prison for theft and burglary. The name “Malcolm X” was adopted to symbolize the surname of his unknown African ancestors when he joined the Organization of Islamic State while serving his term in prison. Rapidly, he became the most influential leader of the organization after being released on parole in 1952.
Malcolm X then served as the organization’s public face for over a decade. While in that organization, he pushed for black supremacy and empowerment, stood against the separation of blacks and whites in the United States. Though, Malcolm X expressed pride in some of the country’s social welfare achievements, namely; the free drug rehabilitation program, he openly criticized the mainstream civil rights movement for emphasizing nonviolence and racial desegregation fearlessly. Beginning in the 1950s, Malcolm X endured Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) surveillance throughout his life.
Malcolm X started to become disappointed in the Islamic State and its leader Elijah Muhammad in the 1960s. Afterwards, he accepted Sunni Islam and the Civil Rights Movement after completing the Hajj in Mecca, and was known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz. Publically, he courageously announced his departure from Islamic countries and established Islamic Muslim Mosques, Inc. (MMI) and the Pan-African Solidarity Organization (OAAU) after a short trip to Africa.
He received simultaneous and repeated death threats and there was an escalation of his conflict with the Islamic nation. All this actually happened throughout 1964. He was monstrously assassinated in New York City on February 21, 1965. Three members of the country were charged with murder and sentenced to life imprisonment.
Decades after the shooting, speculation about the murder and whether it was conceived or persisted with the help of important national, other members or law enforcement agencies have been in doggedness.
Malcolm X was a controversial figure accused of preaching violence and racism, and a figure widely known for the pursuit of racial justice in the African-American and American Muslim communities. He was posthumously awarded Malcolm X Day, and cities across the United States commemorate it. Hundreds of streets and schools in the United States were renamed after him, and the Audubon Ballroom, where he was assassinated, was partially rebuilt in 2005 to house the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabaz Memorial and Education Center.