Patrice Émery Lumumba crafted as Patrice Hemery Lumumba and popularly known as Patrice Lumumba across the universe. He was born on July 2, 1925 in Onalua, the Katakokombe region of the Kasai province of the Belgian Congo. He died on January 17, 1961. His parents were Julienne Wamato Lomendja and François Tolenga Otetshima who was a farmer.
He belonged to the Tetela ethnic group and was born as Elias Okit’Asombo which means “heir of the cursed”. It was derived from these Tetela words; okitá or okitɔ and asombó meaning ”heir or successor” and ”cursed or enchanted person will die soon” respectively.
He had three brothers namely; Charles Lokolonga, Émile Kalema, and Louis Onema Pene Lumumba and a half brother, Tolenga Jean. Growing up in a Catholic family, he attended a Catholic Mission School, the Protestant Primary School. He then entered the government post office training school, and beautifully, he passed the one-year course with excellent grades. Thus, bringing joy into the family.
Patrice Lumumba spoke Tetela, Swahili, Tshiluba, French and Lingala. Outside of regular research, he became interested in the enlightened ideals of Voltaire and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. For Molière and Victor Hugo, he liked them wholeheartedly. He was a renowned poet of which many of his works were themed on anti-imperialist. He worked as a traveling brewer in Léopoldville and as a postal clerk at the Stanleyville post office for 11 years. His stunning and hardworking wife was Pauline Opangu and they got married in 1951.
Following the post-World War II period, young African leaders progressively worked to accomplish the national goals and to get rid of colonial powers. In 1955, he became the regional head of Stanleyville Cercles and joined the Belgian Liberal Party. He was also in charge for editing and distributing of party literature. He was arrested for embezzling the post office for US $ 2,500 after an investigation in the year, 1956 in Belgium. He was then found guilty and sentenced to twelve months in prison and fined in a year later.