Hussein Hasan; A Warrior Of The Somaliland Who Saved His People By Sacrificing All That He Had


Hussein Hasan popularly known as Xuseen Xassan was a powerful and an indubitable warrior and a well sophisticated poet from Somali who belonged to the clan of Eidagale Isaaq. Apart from been a poet, he is remembered for his military role across the board. Without missing words, Hussein Hasan was the grandson of the first Isaaq Sultan Guled Abdi, and he was a member of Eidagale’s Rer Guled group.

Unfortunately, there was a very serious blood shedding hostility between the Rer Guled and a sub-clan of Eidagale, which Hussein Hasan pushed the Rer Guled group to keep on fighting till the fight ended on their favour. Like a flash of light away, Hersi Absiyeh who was formally known as Xirsi Cabsiye stood strongly against Hussein. He was an outstanding member of the Rer Abdi Bari group who were in loggerheads with the Rer Guled branch of people.

As the fight seemed not to end, Sultan Deria Hassan who was a member of the Rer Guled group called all the sub-clans together in a conference in order to make choice for the Eidagale and to seek some kind of advise. He then said payment of blood was sufficient enough for both parties at the exchange of the meeting since both parties had bloodshed enough. Before he could finished talking, Hussein Hasan rose to his feet strongly in a warrior manner and gave a spirited gabay (short poem or words one says when dealing with a war) to oppose the decision.

After his delivery, he was then dispatched to Berbera by Sultan Deria Hassan and the battle was restarted. Soon after, a well calculated decision by Sultan Deria Hassan, a solemn oath was signed by Hersi Absiyeh but he recited not a gabay and he did not demand to do so knowing very well that Hussein Hasan was dispatched to Berbera. Not much a time spent, Hussein Hasan returned and regretted strongly with the reason that Sultan Deria Hassan and Hersi Absiyeh had won since he missed the event.

Across the entire land of Somali, there was this legendary horse called ‘Mangalool’ which was owned by Hussein Hasan. This powerful horse was a great subject of envy and poetry. It was not regarded as such in only Somali but in British as well. This brought about their plan on how they could inquire to obtain the steed.

An illustration of Hussein Hasan and his horse, Mangalool

Hussein Hasan in 1893, gave an escort to Lord Delamere on an excursion to hunt a lion. While hunting, he and his horse Mangalool were nearly put to death by a lioness in a chase but luckily they managed to escape. When Lord Delamere asked if he could sell to him his horse, Mangalool, he refused to put a price on it. It was impractical, without his horse, for him to capture or raid, and a lot of money was made from robbing animals from his antagonists.

Hussein Hasan met Lord Delamere in 1894, and spoke to him about a surprising tale that had occurred to him a year ago. Hussein successfully raided a huge number of camels to avoid notice. That year was a very dry one and his horse, Mangalool, had lucked strength from exhaustion and such, it was not able to continue the journey. He then sent his looted camels to drink water forcefully. For a every 20 miles, he sacrificed a camel on his way while going back to the safe spring. Water from the murdered animals he gave to his horse, Mangalool.

When his horse had gain much consciousness, he said, “It will better to butcher 100 camels than to lose his horse, because, the horse can help him get more camels than what he had slaughtered.

In conclusion, he butchered about 100 camels to keep his warhorse conscious. Mangalool, Hussein’s warhorse who had help Hussein to be more powerful and successful during battles, it worth 100 camels to save the horse alone. Thus, he sacrificed all he had; which was the camel he’d raided, to save his people; the warhorse being alive would bring back glory to his people when at war again.


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