On this day, 23rd July, 1962, Jack Roosevelt Robinson becomes the first African-American to be inducted into the National Baseball Hall of Fame. He was born on January 31, 1919. Jack was the first African-American to play in the Major League Baseball in the modern era, breaking the baseball color line.
He made his debut in April 1947 signing for Brooklyn Dodgers, heralding an end to racial segregation in professional baseball that had hitherto relegated black players to the Negro Leagues since the 1880s. He was a genius, talented and loved by all including white Americans.
In 1997, his jersey number 42 was retired across all major league teams, the first athlete to have received such an honour, and of course a black man. Not only was he a sportsman, talented in baseball but as well contributed significantly to the civil rights movement. He died on 24th October, 1972.