Olaudah Equiano was born in Essaka, Igbo, in the Kingdom of Benin, the present day southeastern Nigeria in the year 1745. Olaudah Equiano became popularly known as Gustavus Vassa. Olaudah was kidnapped and sold to serve different masters since he was taken to different places as a slave. He later on purchased his freedom and became an abolitionist and a writer.
Olaudah Equiano became popular in the 18th century because he was the main black campaigner for the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade. His book “The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa, the African” became one of the earliest firsthand bills of lifestyles in Africa, the horrors of the Middle Passage and enslavement. It became a vital device in the abolition marketing campaign and stays applicable these days as a captivating ancient report and an inspiring tale of achievement towards the odds.
Equiano’s nonviolent and quality upbringing in West Africa became shattered when he was abducted and enslaved at approximately the age of 11. Transported to the Caribbean, then to Virginia (North America), Equiano was resold to Michael Henry Pascal, a Royal Navy lieutenant who renamed him Gustavus Vassa. Equiano spent his teenage years onboard Naval ships engaged in the Seven Years War towards France. During that point Equiano had the possibility to train himself, studying to examine and write.
He was sold by Henry Pascal, Equiano was taken to Montserrat, in the West Indies, in which he was bought through way of means of a quaker named Robert King. Recognizing Equiano’s talent and ability, King gave Equiano a role of duty running in his shops, purchasing and selling items around the West Indies and the Atlantic coast of North America. This position helped Equiano with more insights in extra buying and selling for his personal advantage and over 3 years he stored extra than 40 pounds, sufficient to shop for his very own freedom from Robert King.
As a man of freedom, Equiano went to London and persisted to paintings aboard ships at some point of Europe and in addition afield. In 1773, Equiano took element in a voyage to the Arctic in a failed try and discovered a northern passage to India.
During the 1780’s Equiano became concerned with the marketing campaign for the abolition of the transatlantic slave trade. In 1782, he introduced the Zong massacre, wherein over 130 slaves have been thrown overboard, to the eye of campaigner Granville Sharp. Equiano self-posted his narrative to an awful lot acclaim in 1789 and spent numerous years journeying the United States to sell the book. ‘The Interesting Narrative’, became a nice seller, and went to 9 variants in Equiano’s personal lifetime.
In 1792, Equiano married Susanna Cullen in Cambridgeshire, they had 2 daughters. Susanna died in February 1796 and simply afterward 31st March, 1797, Equiano passed away in London. He died approximately at the age of 52. Ann Maria, the eldest daughter, died simply months after Equiano; the more youthful daughter Joanna went directly to inherit Equiano’s fortune of £950 and survived into adulthood.