The Great Pyramid of Giza, the Great Pyramid of Khufu or the Great Pyramid of Cheops is the oldest and the largest of the pyramids in the Giza pyramid complex boundary in present-day Giza, Cairo, Egypt’s capital.
It is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one which remains largely intact.
Egyptologists concluded that the Pyramid was built as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh Khufu and estimated it was built in the 26th century BC during a period of about 27 years.
Khufu’s vizier or second in command, Hemiunu, was believed by some to be the architect of the Great Pyramid. It is widely believed that a team of skilled labourers built the temple, and were possibly paid, this theory was backed up by the discovery of the remains of a village located near the pyramid. Egyptologists estimate that there could have been approximately 20,000 people working on its construction.
Initially standing at 146.5 metres which is 481 feet tall, the Pyramid was the tallest man-made structure in the world for over 3,800 years.
Throughout history, the majority of the smooth white limestone casing has been removed, which decreased the pyramid’s height to it’s present height which is 138.5 metres that is 454.4 ft.
What we see as the pyramid today is the underlying core structure.
The base of the pyramid has been measured to be about 230.3 metres 755.6 ft square, giving it a volume of roughly 2.6 million cubic metres that is 92 million cubic feet, which includes an internal hillock.
The dimensions of the pyramid was expressed in an ancient Egyptian unit of measurement which were 280 cubits high, a base length of 440 cubits.
The Great Pyramid of Giza was built by a valuation of about 2.3 million large quarried blocks which weighed close to 6 million tonnes in total.
The majority of stones were not uniform in size or shape and were very rough in nature. The outside layers were bounded together by mixed mortar using the local limestone from the Giza plateau.
Other blocks were imported by boat down the Nile river. Consisting of white limestone from Tura for the casing of the pyramid, and granite blocks from Aswan, which weighed up to 80 tonnes. All used for the King’s Chamber building.
There are three popularly known chambers inside the Great Pyramid.
The lowest which was cut into bedrock, upon which the pyramid was built, but was never finished. The so-called Queen’s Chamber and King’s Chamber, which contains a granite sarcophagus, are higher up, within the pyramid structure.
The funerary complex which was around the pyramid consisted of two mortuary temples which were connected by a causeway: one was very close to the pyramid and one was near the Nile, the tombs for the immediate family and the court of Khufu, which includes three smaller pyramids for Khufu’s wives, which is an even smaller “satellite pyramid” and five buried solar barges.